What is a Neuropsychologist?

Official Position of the National Academy of Neuropsychology

Approved by the Board of Directors 05/05/2001
This 2001 definition expands upon and modifies the 1989 definition by Division 40  of the American Psychological Association,
which was used as the
foundation for this
updated document

A clinical neuropsychologist is a professional within the field of psychology with special expertise in the applied science of brain-behavior relationships Clinical neuropsychologists use this knowledge in the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and/or rehabilitation of patients across the lifespan with neurological, medical, neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, as well as other cognitive and learning disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist uses psychological, neurological, cognitive, behavioral, and physiological principles, techniques and tests to evaluate patients’ neurocognitive,  behavioral, and emotional strengths and weaknesses and their relationship to normal and abnormal central nervous system functioning.

The clinical neuropsychologist uses this information and information provided by other medical/healthcare providers to identify and diagnose neurobehavioral disorders, and plan and implement intervention strategies. The specialty of clinical neuropsychology is recognized by the American Psychological Association and the Canadian Psychological  Association. Clinical neuropsychologists are independent practitioners (healthcare providers) of clinical neuropsychology and psychology.which is at the post-doctoral level, in the study and practice of clinical neuropsychology and related neurosciences. These two years include supervision by a clinical neuropsychologist.

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