Cognitive retraining may involve practicing one area of cognition (attention, memory, visuospatial
processing)in an attempt to restore the ability through practice and mastery. For example, visuospatial
training can help with difficulties orienting to or responding to objects, or pictures shown on the side opposite to the site of the injury, attention training is a technique used to help people with brain injury to improve attention, and language training can help with problems producing and/or comprehending language that are often experienced after a stroke. Such retraining techniques often include specific drills and exercises, using paper and pencil tasks, computerized programs, and these activities are done both at home and in a clinical setting.
An alternative strategy involves compensatory strategies, which can be developed to help a patient use things in their environment to make up for difficulties in cognition. For example, a memory book can be useful for someone who has difficulties remembering things like appointments or even what they do on a day-to-day basis.
Other compensatory tools include pagers, alarms or PDAs, and computerized software programs that can be used to help an individual experiencing memory, organizational and everyday planning difficulties.